The symptoms and causes of enamel erosion

Dec 28, 2021 by

The symptoms and causes of enamel erosion

Article written byElite Dental Group

A person’s teeth enamel plays a key role in protecting their teeth as it shields them from the damage caused by chewing, biting, and grinding. Although tooth enamel is the hardest mineral in the body, erosion can occur by consuming certain foods, environmental factors, and certain habits that increase erosion. Once a person’s enamel is damaged it cannot be repaired.

The main signs of enamel erosion include:

Tooth sensitivity – A person will notice tooth sensitivity when they consume hot or cold beverages.

Discoloration – When a person’s enamel starts to wear the layer underneath called “dentin” becomes visible.

Chips and cracks – When enamel starts to wear, teeth become weaker and more vulnerable to chips and cracks when biting and chewing.

The main cause for enamel erosion is a diet that is high in carbohydrates and sugar. Additionally, acidic beverages such as soda, alcohol, and fruit drinks can also weaken and cause deterioration. Saliva is the body’s natural defense against tooth decay and enamel damage. Therefore staying hydrated throughout the day helps increase saliva production. If you suffer from a condition called dry mouth, due to certain medications speak to your dentist who can suggest medications to relieve these symptoms.

Furthermore, erosion can be caused by gastrointestinal problems, such as acid reflux or eating disorders, which push stomach acid upwards. These strong acids can erode enamel in a very short period if left untreated. Erosion is also a concern for those who grind their teeth or brush teeth too hard.

The best way to reduce enamel erosion is to maintain good oral habits by brushing gently with a soft-bristle toothbrush twice daily and flossing before bed. A healthy diet that mostly consists of fresh fruit, vegetables, and lean meats can additionally help to reduce acid levels in the mouth.

Dr. Andre Eliasian is one of the leading dentists in oral surgery in Glendale CA. His clinic offers several services which include fillings, tooth extractions, and complex oral surgeries. If you are looking for wisdom tooth extraction in Glendale or dental implants in Glendale call for an appointment.