Gum disease: Causes and prevention

Aug 8, 2021 by

Gum disease: Causes and prevention

Article written byElite Dental Group.

Gum disease is a common condition that occurs in adults over the age of 30. The condition causes gum sensitivity, swelling, and infection due to bacteria existing in the gums. Although gum disease is common, left untreated it will progressively get worse and advance into periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a serious condition that will lead to jawbone damage, spaces between teeth, and tooth loss. Periodontitis is not reversible, which is why understanding the causes of gum disease can help to manage and reduce symptoms.

The main reason for gum diseases starts with poor oral hygiene and plaque build-up. Brushing teeth twice daily especially before bed is key to maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Additionally, flossing before bed will loosen food particles lodged between teeth and reduce plaque build-up.

Smoking is another leading cause of gum disease as tobacco products affect the blood supply to the mouth causing the weakening of bones and soft tissue. This can disrupt the normal functioning of gums, causing sensitivity, swelling, infection, and tooth loss.

Malnutrition is also a cause of gum disease as proper nutrition helps to maintain healthy enamel and prevent tooth decay. Eating a healthy diet full of lean proteins, fresh fruit, and vegetables can give gums the nutrients they need to function properly.

Sudden gum disease can occur due to changes in hormones due to pregnancy. However, often these changes are not permanent and will ease after the delivery and as hormones adjust. In this instance it is best to use a mouth wash and toothpaste that is designed to reduce sensitivity, bleeding, and swelling until symptoms lessen.

Dr. Andre Eliasian is one of the leading dentists in cosmetic dentistry in Glendale CA. His clinic offers several services that will help patients achieve a beautiful, healthy smile. If you are looking for oral surgery in Glendale CA or wisdom tooth extraction in Glendale call for an appointment.